We recommend Three Diseases to Vaccinate Against
The professionals at All About Cats recommend early and consistent vaccinations against Rabies, FVRCP, and Feline Leukemia.
The FVRCP vaccine:
This is the most common shot given to cats and protects against three of the most prevalent feline viruses Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR), Cailicivirus (C), and Panleukopenia (P):
- Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) an upper-respiratory infection that’s highly contagious and spread by direct contact with similarly infected cats. FVR symptoms include coughing, sneezing and nasal discharge; left untreated, an infected cat may develop corneal ulcers of the eye and even pneumonia, especially in kittens.
- Calicivirus (C) is a common disease that attacks the respiratory lungs and nasal passages as well as the mouth. Unvaccinated cats are prone to this infection, which is spread by contact with other infected cats, particularly in crowded environments like animal shelters and rescue facilites. Symptoms include loss of appetite, eye and nose discharge, and painful ulcerated tongue.
- Panleukopenia (P), also known as feline distemper, is the leading cause of death in kittens. This highly contagious virus, which attacks the white blood cells, is spread through physical contact and through infected food dishes, bedding and litterboxes. Infected cats may be seen vomiting, experiencing diarrhea, or producing yellow or blood-streaked stools.
The Rabies Vaccine:
The Rabies vaccine is required in Nevada for all domestic cats and dogs. Laws pertaining to Rabies vaccination vary based on where the owner of the cat resides.
- Cats exposed to rabid wild animals are at greatest risk for contracting rabies. Outbreaks occur in wild animal populations, especially among raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes in the United States. Rabies is quite common in Las Vegas in our bat population and bats can find their way indoors through open windows or doors. Therefore, even indoor cats need to be vaccinated. The rabies vaccine is required by law for all cats over the age of four months.
- Infected animals usually transmit rabies through a bite. Rabies affects the nervous system, often causing changes in the animal’s behavior, such as aggression, restlessness and fear, or even unusual friendliness.
- Vaccination is the key to preventing rabies infection in cats. Rabies vaccination reduces the risk that a cat will develop symptoms and die after exposure to the virus and decreases the risk that a cat will transmit the deadly virus to other cats or animals – including humans.
- To check Rabies laws that pertain to your cat, select the location of your home:
The Feline Leukemia Vaccine:
Feline leukemia causes lymphoma, a type of cancer, in about 25 percent of infected cats. Additionally, FeLV suppresses the immune system to increase the cat’s vulnerability to other infectious diseases.
- Feline leukemia (FeLV) is a leading cause of death among cats. Two to 3 percent of cats in the United States are infected with the virus, according to Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.
- Infected cats spread the virus mainly through saliva and nasal secretions but also through urine, feces and milk. Cats may transfer the virus through bite wounds or during mutual grooming; the virus may rarely be transferred at the litter box or feeding dish. An infected mother can also pass the FeLV virus to her kittens before birth or while nursing.
- Cats who have received vaccination for the feline leukemia virus are unlikely to contract the virus from another feline.
- Symptoms of feline leukemia include:
- Loss of appetite and slow weight loss
- Poor coat
- Enlarged lymph nodes
- Persistent fever
- Pale gums
- Inflammation of the gums
- Bladder, skin and respiratory infections
- Persistent diarrhea
- Seizures, behavior changes, and other neurological disorders
- The development of certain eye conditions
- Reproductive problems in unspayed females
For more information about vaccines visit the Cornell Feline Health Center and/or give us a call with any questions at (702) 257-3222.